The revolution that has occurred in recent years in the field of materials science and engineering, manifested by important technological innovations in practically all sectors of human activity, and particularly in computing, telecommunication, transportation and health, has led most universities and institutions to broaden the scope of action in this field.
The development of Materials Engineering has been very strong in the area of nanomaterials, defined as materials consisting of grains or particles with morphological aspects smaller than one tenth of a micrometer in at least one dimension.
The field of activity of the Materials Engineer covers the metallic, polymeric, ceramic and composite materials in the characterization aspects of properties, manufacturing processes and applications, as well as the analysis, creation and development of new products.
Alongside the study of materials themselves, understanding the fundamentals of manufacturing processes is essential. The materials are the resources through which the most diverse engineering projects are implemented, in which the Materials Engineer finds a wide field of action. In this way, students of the course acquire theoretical and practical knowledge that emphasize the relationships between microstructure, processing, properties and the consequent performance of the material in service.
With more than 50 years in the field of brazilian metallurgical, the Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering has achieved a leading position, becoming a center of high level human resources formation. This fact is reinforced by the elevated number of alumni holding high state positions not only in the industry but also in Reasearch & Development areas.
The Department's alumni has been participating in governmental planning institutions and technical associations, responsible for the growth and development in the domestic metallurgy industry. The Metallurgical Engineer covers an extense field including primary production processes and the refinery of metals and metallic alloys, metals primary production, parts finishing and components assembly.
The metallurgical engineering covers three fields: